Interesting Bald Eagle Facts for Kids

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  • Scientific name: Haliaeetus Ieucocephalus
  • Bald Eagles live in North America mostly in Canada and Alaska.
  • They live in forest near large bodies of water.
  • Bald Eagles are birds of prey meaning they hunt for food.
  • They are carnivores meaning they eat meat.
  • Their main source of food is fish however Eagles will also eat carrion (dead or decaying animal flesh), smaller birds, rodents, squirrels and rabbits.
  • Bald Eagles are the national bird of the United States.
  • Females are slightly bigger than males.
  • Females can be up to 3 feet and males 2.8 feet.
  • Their wingspan can be 7  feet wide.
  • Bald Eagles can fly up in the sky up to 10,000 feet from the ground.
  • They can fly up to 40 miles per hour!
  • A Bald Eagle isn’t bald at all.  They are called bald because of their white heads.
  • Bald Eagles are dark brown with yellow beaks, large talons (hooked claws) with white heads a tails.
  • Bald Eagle have 7,000 feathers.
  • When they lose one feather from one wing they lose one from the other wing too.
  • During mating season September-April male and female Bald Eagles will work together to build large nests with sticks. Their nests can be 8 feet wide.
  • During courtship Bald Eagles perform cartwheels in the sky.  They hook their talons (claws) and spin down from the sky towards the ground.  They let go of each other before hitting the ground and then soar back up into the sky.
  • When a Bald Eagle finds a mate they stay together until one dies than they find a new mate.
  • Bald Eagle eggs hatch after 35 days.
  • A Baby Bald Eagle is called an eaglet.
  • They are light brown and fluffy when they are born.  They do not get white heads and tails until they are 4 -5 years old.
  • A Bald Eagle can live 20-30  in the wild and over 30 years in captivity.
  • Bald Eagles were put on the endangered species list in 1967.
  • DDT pesticides and being hunted by humans  were main reasons that Bald Eagle populations were declining.
  • Due to conservation efforts Bald Eagles were taken off the endangered species list in 2007.
  • Today there are around 70,000 Bald Eagles living in the wild.