Hey, kids, do you want to learn some cool facts about Fall? Did you know that Fall and Autumn are the same seasons? Autumn is considered the formal word for Fall. Keep reading to find out what happens in Fall? Fall/Autumn facts for kids 2020!
What is Fall?
Autumn is another word used for Fall. Fall or Autumn is one of the four seasons. The four seasons are Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall. Fall is the season between Summer and Winter. The first day of Autumn is at the end of September.
The unofficial end of the summer season and the beginning of the Fall season is when the children go back to school.
Colors associated with the season are red, yellow, orange, brown and black
When is Fall?
Fall begins on the Autumnal Equinox. On the Equinox the sun spends almost the same amount of time above and below the horizon. The sunrise and sunset are about 12 hours apart everywhere on Earth. The daylight hours are a little longer.
This happens on the Autumnal Equinox and the Vernal Equinox (in Spring)
In the Northern Hemisphere Fall usually begins on September 21st, 22nd, or 23rd.
The Northern Hemisphere is the part of the Earth located above the Equator. The U.S and Canada are examples of countries located in the Northern Hemisphere.
In the Southern Hemisphere Fall begins around March 20th or 21st.
The Southern Hemisphere is the part of the Earth located below the Equator. Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere.
Fall ends on the Winter Solstice.
The Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year. The day has the shortest amount of sunlight.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Winter Solstice usually occurs on December 21st or 22nd.
In the Southern Hemisphere, the Winter Solstice usually occurs on June 21st or 22nd.
What Happens in Fall/Autumn?
In Fall you will notice that the leaves on the trees start to change color. Before the leaves fall to the ground you will notice that they change red, yellow, orange, and brown.
There are two types of trees Deciduous and Evergreens. Deciduous tree leaves change color but Evergreens do not. Christmas trees are evergreens.
So why do the leaves change color and drop from the trees? Lack of food and water is the answer.
Leaves contain chlorophyll which makes the leaves green. They also contain xanthophyll which makes the leaves look yellow and carotene which makes the leaves look orange. When leaves turn red or sometimes purple it is because of sugars from sap that is in the leaf.
During the Spring and Summer, the leaves look green because photosynthesis is occurring. Photosynthesis the progress on how the leaf gets food and water and made oxygen. During the process, leaves take in carbon dioxide from the air and use sunlight to turn it into sugars. The sugars turn into food for the tree. Oxygen is also made during the process.
The chlorophyll gets light from the sun and water from the ground, turns it into food, and stores it in the leaf.
During the Fall the days get shorter and the chlorophyll cannot get enough light from the sun needed to make food. The leaf lives off the stored food and starts to lose chlorophyll and its green color.
When the chlorophyll leaves the leaf the yellow and orange colors start to show. When all the stored food is used up the leaf dies, turns brown, and falls from the tree.
What do Animals do During Fall?
Some animals start preparing for Winter during Fall. They will start preparing their homes to get them ready for the winter weather.
Animals that hibernate such as bears prepare for Winter by eating more to put on body fat to make it through the Winter. Other animals will start to grow thicker coats (hair/fur) to keep them warm during the colder weather.
You will see some animals such as squirrels collect more food and store it so they have enough for the Winter.
Birds will start to get ready to fly south for the winter to avoid the cold weather.
Fall Activities and Traditions for Kids and Families
A lot of fun activities take place during the Fall season. These activities will differ depending on what region you live in. In North America, particularly in the North East, there are harvest festivals. Many festivals offer fun activities such as scarecrow making and other crafts, fun games such as races and cornhole, and of course yummy foods. Some harvest foods include a variety of apples, homemade applesauce, roasted corn, pumpkin pie and cookies, and other pumpkin-flavored foods, apple pie, and other fruit pies.
For many families, it has become a tradition to take the children out to pick pumpkins and apples during this time of year.
In addition to picking pumpkins and apples, many people go out to pick sunflowers and mums as they are popular flowers during the Autumn season.
Halloween celebrated on October 31st and Thanksgiving celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the US are two holidays that are celebrated during the Autumn season. Check out Halloween Activities for Kids