Water Dragons: Amazing Axolotl Facts Kids Must Know!

Axolotls (pronounced ax-uh-lot-ul) are mysterious creatures with incredible superpowers! They have gills and live underwater but aren’t fish. They have the power to regenerate body parts, can change color, and sometimes, they are called water dragons. Learn more about these fascinating creatures with these amazing axolotl facts for kids!

Axolotl facts for kids

Axolotl are sometimes called Water Dragons!

Axolotl have a unique appearance that is often compared to dragons, which is why they are sometimes called water dragons. They have long, slender bodies with smooth, shiny skin that comes in a variety of colors. Axolotl have tiny arms and legs that stick out from the sides of their bodies. What makes them look similar to dragons is their heads, which have gills that look like dragon’s wings or a collar that looks like a lion’s mane.

Axolotl can breathe through their gills and skin

Axolotl can breathe through their skin!

Axolotls have these frilly things on their heads called “gills,” just like fish. These gills help them take in oxygen from the water, just like fish do with their gills. But here’s where it gets interesting: axolotls can also breathe through their skin!

Their skin is like a sponge that soaks up oxygen from the water around them. Underneath their skin, axolotls have many tiny blood vessels that help them absorb oxygen. When water flows over their skin, these blood vessels take in the oxygen dissolved in the water and deliver it to their cells, just like how our lungs deliver oxygen to our bodies.

So, even though axolotls live in the water and have gills like fish, they’re actually not fish – they’re a special type of animal called amphibians.

Amphibians can live both in the water and on land. Unlike frogs or toads, axolotls don’t really hop onto land. They’re built for underwater life, with gills to help them breathe and a sleek body for swimming fast.

Sometimes, axolotls pop up to the surface of the water to catch a breath, but unlike other amphibians, they don’t go on land for long periods.

So, even though axolotls might seem like fish, they’re actually amphibians with amazing abilities!

blue axolotl

Axolotls can change color!

Axolotls come in many different colors. They can be black, brown, blue, green, yellow, bronze, pink, white, or even albino. Albino axolotls are white or pale pink with red eyes.

Axolotls are experts at blending in with their surroundings. They can change their color to match their environment, which helps them hide from predators and sneak up on their prey.

Although their color-changing abilities are not as dramatic as those seen in some other animals, like chameleons.

Their color change is typically influenced by factors like their mood, environment, and even their health. For example, they may become lighter or darker in color depending on the lighting conditions or the color of their surroundings. Their skin pigmentation may vary slightly as they age.

Axolotl with big gills.

Axolotl can regenerate!

Axolotls have an extraordinary ability to regenerate, which means they can grow back lost or damaged body parts, such as limbs, tails, and even parts of their brains, throughout their lives. This remarkable process involves a combination of cell division, tissue remodeling, and specialized cells called blastema.

This blastema is like a superhero team with all the tools and materials needed to fix what is broken. They work really fast, dividing and changing into the different parts required to fix what’s broken. So, if an axolotl loses a leg, the blastema team will build a new leg with bones, muscles, blood vessels, and nerves!

What’s super cool is that axolotls can make this happen with incredible accuracy. They don’t just grow back any old thing – they make sure it’s exactly what they need, down to the tiniest details! Even scientists are amazed by how well they can do this.

And guess what? Axolotls can do this multiple times throughout their lives, unlike most other animals, which lose the ability as they get older. It’s like they have a special power that lets them keep fixing themselves up over and over again. Scientists are really excited about this because it could help them learn more about how to help people heal from injuries and illnesses, too!

Axolotl with a baby face.

Axolotl will always have a baby face!

Axolotl are known as neotenic creatures. A neotenic creature is an animal that keeps its baby-like features even when it grows up.

Most amphibians undergo a process called metamorphosis, where they transition from a larval stage to an adult stage. They start as babies in the larval stage with tails and gills, and then they become adults with no tails and different bodies.

But axolotls are different! They do not go through the process of metamorphosis. axolotl stay in the larval stage and look like babies their whole lives. They keep their tails, gills, and baby skin even when they get older.

So, while other animals change into adults, axolotls stay young forever!

This unique ability to look young their entire lives has earned them the nickname the Peter Pan of the amphibian world.

Axolotl underwater

Axolotl are little vacuums!

Axolotls are carnivores, which means they primarily eat meat. In the wild, their diet consists of small prey such as worms, insects, small fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic creatures. They are opportunistic feeders, meaning they will eat whatever they can catch and fit into their mouths.

Axolotls eat through suction-feeding.

When an axolotl spots its prey, It opens its mouth wide and sucks in water by making a big empty space inside its mouth. This creates a powerful suction force that pulls water, along with any nearby prey, into its mouth. It’s almost like using a vacuum cleaner to suck up food!

Once the prey is sucked into its mouth, the axolotl closes its mouth and swallows the food whole. They have large mouths that can stretch to accommodate prey items of various sizes.

This suction-feeding technique allows axolotls to capture fast-moving prey items like small fish, insects, and worms, making them excellent hunters in their underwater environment.

Water Dragon
Mexican Flag

Axolotls live in Mexico

Axolotls are native to the ancient Lake Xochimilco and Lake Chalco in Mexico. These two lakes are located in the southern part of Mexico City. These lakes are shallow and have muddy bottoms with lots of aquatic plants, which provide shelter and hunting grounds for axolotls.

Axolotls are now critically endangered in the wild due to habitat destruction and pollution. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect and restore their habitat and to preserve the remaining wild populations of axolotls.

Axolotls are part of Mexcian Culture

In Mexican culture and mythology, axolotls hold a special place as symbols of regeneration and transformation.

The name “axolotl” comes from the Aztec language Nahuatl, where “atl” means water and “xolotl” refers to a god associated with transformation and twins.

The Aztecs believed that axolotls were magical creatures with the power to heal and transform.

In addition to their mythical significance, axolotls have also played a role in traditional medicine and healing practices in Mexico.

The Aztecs believed that axolotls possessed powerful healing properties and used them in various medicinal treatments. They were thought to have the ability to cure ailments and promote regeneration, leading to their association with healing and transformation.


Axolotls are remarkable creatures with fascinating traits that make them unique in the animal kingdom. From their ability to regenerate lost body parts to their colorful appearance and nocturnal hunting habits, there’s no doubt that axolotls are a source of wonder and inspiration for kids and adults alike.