Rosa Parks Facts and Quotes for Kids

Rosa Parks Facts and Quotes for Kids

Rosa Parks was a Civil Rights Activist. She is best known for not giving up her seat to a white man on a public bus. Learn more about Rosa Parks and her fight for equal rights with these Rosa Parks facts and quotes for kids! This article is easy to read and is a great resource for elementary school students.

Early Life of Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913. Her full name was Rosa Louis McCauley Parks.

Rosa’s mother, Leona, was a teacher, and her father, James, was a carpenter. Rosa Parks’s ethnicity was African-American, Native American, and Scots-Irish descent. Roasa also had a younger brother named Sylvester.

Her parents separated when she was a young girl. Rosa and her brother went with their mother to live on their grandparent’s farm in Pine Level, Alabama. She went to the school there for African American children, the same school where her mother was a teacher.

She attended Montgomery Industrial School for Girls and Alabama State Teachers College for Negros. At the age of 19, she married Raymond Parks. He worked as a barber. Rosa Parks worked as a seamstress at the Montgomery Fair Department Store in Montgomery, Alabama.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

On December 1 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the public bus to a white passenger.  Her refusal to give up her seat played a big part in the Civil Rights Movement of that era.

Rosa Parks rode the bus daily back and forth to work. On December 1st, she was riding home from work when she was asked to stand up so a white passenger could sit down. Rosa refused to give up her seat; she felt it wasn’t fair.

Because she would not give up her seat, she was arrested.

.On December 5, 1955, people protested her arrest by not using the public bus. It leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. lead the boycott.

On December 8th, Rosa Parks had a trial and was found guilty.  She had to pay a $10 fine plus a court fee of $4 for a total of $14.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted 381 days, and an estimated 40,000 African-Americans stopped using the public bus.

Rosa Parks and her husband both lost their jobs during the boycott.

The boycott ended when the Supreme Court ruled that public buses could no longer be segregated. It was a victory in the fight for civil rights!

Rosa Parks
Image of Rosa Parks credited to

Civil Rights Activist

Rosa Parks became known as the “mother of the civil rights movement.”

Rosa Parks was a  member of the National Association for the Advancement of colored people (NAACP).

She became a secretary and youth leader of the NAACP. In 1987, she received the NAACP Spingarn Medal.

In 1987, she and a friend founded Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development.  Its purpose was to teach young people about the civil rights movement.

In 1992, Rosa Parks published a book about her life called My Story. In 1995, she published her memoir called Quiet Strength.

Rosa Parks received the Medal of Freedom and the 250th Congressional Gold Medal of Honor from President Bill Clinton in 1996. In 1999, She was one of Time Magazine’s 20 Most Influential People of the 20th Century.

Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005.

Her casket was brought to Washington, where thousands of people went to pay their respects.

Rosa Parks Quotes for Kids

“I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminishes fear; knowing what must be done does away with fear.”

“I would like to be remembered as a person who wants to be free…so other people would also be free.”

“All I was doing was trying to get home from work.”

“You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it’s right.”

“I believe we are here on the planet Earth to live, grow up and do what we can to make this world a better place for all people to enjoy freedom.”

“One person can change the world.”

“Each person must live their life as a model for others.”

“Without vision, people perish, and without courage and inspiration dreams die.”