Reindeer Facts for Kids

Reindeer Facts for Kids

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Also Check out Christmas Facts, Santa Facts and Santa’s Elves Facts for Kids


  • Reindeer are also known as Caribou.  In Europe they are called Reindeer all the time. America we called them Caribou in the wild and when domesticated we call them Reindeer.
  • Scientific Name: Rangifer Tarasndus.
  • Reindeer live in the Northern parts of North America including Canada and Alaska also in Europe, Russia and Greenland.  Lets us not forget with Santa at the North Pole.
  • They live on tundras. A tundra is a vast flat, treeless Arctic Region.
  • Reindeer are herbivores meaning they are plant eaters.
  • They eat lichen a type of moss, grass and plants.
  • A reindeer can live up to 15 years in the wild.
  • A reindeer mostly has different shades of brown soft fur with white fur on their neck and parts of their back. Their fur may also be gray or a rust like color.
  • They can weigh anywhere between 240-700 pounds.
  • Reindeer are usually 4-5 ft tall not including their antlers.  Their antlers are 3ft tall!
  • Did you know that reindeer are the only deer in which both male and females grow antlers.  They shed their antlers in the winter.
  • Reindeer antlers are actually rubbery, living masses of blood and marrow when they are growing. The antlers grown until around August, then the bone begins to harden.
  • Like a human’s fingerprint no two reindeer antlers are exactly the same.
  • Reindeer migrate, during the winter reindeer’s migrate South. During the summer they migrate North.  The trip is 1,200 miles round trip.  That is one of the world’s largest migrations.
  • Their hooves are used to dig for food in the snow.  The outer edges of their hooves are sharp while help them walk on ice and rocks.
  • Reindeer’s have an ankle tendon which rubs over a bone causing a clicking sound when they walk. That clicking sound helps the reindeer keep track of each other especially when they can’t see in bad weather.
  • Did you know that reindeer can run 50 miles per hour!
  •  A male reindeer is called a bull.
  • A female reindeer is called a cow.
  • A baby reindeer is called a calf.
  • A mother usually gives birth to one fawn a year but sometimes two are born.
  • A fawn is usually 10-11 pounds when born.
  • A reindeer’s milk has more fat than cow’s milk.

Can you name all of Santa’s Reindeer?

Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen. Comet, Cupid, Donner, Blitzen and we can’t forget Rudolph

Check out these Magic Reindeer Food Recipes  Click here for more Christmas Activities for Kids