Moose Facts for Kids

Moose Marvels: Amazing Moose Facts Kids Should Know

Welcome to the fascinating world of moose! Have you ever wondered about these magnificent creatures with their big antlers and long legs? This article will explore everything moose and discover interesting facts about them.

Get ready to learn about their unique features, habitat, diet, and how they spend their days. So, get ready to explore the exciting world of moose with these moose facts for kids.

moose facts for kids

What is a Moose?

Moose are the largest members of the deer family. They are also known as American Moose. In Europe, they are called elk. The word moose comes from a term the Native American tribe called the Algonquin used, which means twig eater.

Not only are moose the largest species of deer in the entire world and one of North America’s largest land mammals. The largest moose live in Alaska and can be 10ft long!

They are ungulates, which means hoofed animals. Moose are mammals.

Male moose are bulls, females are cows, and a baby moose is a calf.

A moose with large antlers sitting in the grass.

Moose Appearance

A moose is a really big animal that you can easily recognize! They have long legs, which make them very tall and strong.

Moose have thick dark brown fur to protect them against cold weather and snowy winters.

Their bodies are large, too, and they have a humped shape back. They are big, heavy, and sturdy creatures. One of the most special things about moose is their big antlers.

The antlers are like big branches that grow on the head of the moose, but only the boy moose, called bulls, have them. They can have many points and can spread out wide, like a big crown on their heads.

After mating season, moose antlers fall off, and they grow back bigger the following Spring.

Moose can weigh between 500-1400 pounds and can be 7ft- 10ft long.

Female moose are smaller than the male.

Moose Habitat
Moose Habitat


Moose like cool temperatures and live in the Northern regions of North America.

They live in Alaska, Canada, and in the Northern U.S.

Some U.S. states that moose live in include Washington, Maine; mountains of Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, and Montana; upstate New York, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming.

Moose usually live in forests by sources of water, including rivers, lakes, ponds, or streams.

Moose Diet


Known as nature’s lawnmowers. Moose are big animals that need to eat a lot to stay healthy. They can gobble up around 50 pounds of food every day!

They are herbivores, which means they eat plants; they do not eat meat. 

Moose love to munch on leaves. They have long necks that help them reach high up into the trees to grab tasty leaves. They like to eat the leaves from different kinds of trees like birch, willow, and aspen.

Moose eat water plants. They wade into ponds and lakes to feast on yummy aquatic plants like water lilies and pondweed. They can swim really well, so they can go deep into the water to find their favorite snacks.

Moose also enjoy eating twigs, bark, leaves, and pine cones. They even eat hidden plants found under the snow during the winter.

Moose have stomachs similar to cows. Their stomach has 4 parts. Like cows, moose also eat, then regurgitate (throw it up) their food, then eat it again.

female moose
Female Moose


One of the best ways to tell the male and female apart is by antlers.  The males have antlers, and the females do not.  However, in late fall, males shed their antlers.

Each year the male will shed his antlers to grow new ones.  Each time a male grows back his antlers, they are bigger than the antlers he had before.

Did you know that the plural form of moose is moose? 

A group of moose is called a herd.

Moose are solitary animals and do not live in groups.

They can swim. They can stay underwater for about 30 seconds.

Moose can run at speeds up to 35 miles per hour for short distances.

Their average lifespan is 15-20 years.

baby moose

Baby Moose

Males use a loud bellow sound to attract females during mating season.

Males actually use their antlers to battle each other to win their female mate.

After mating, the female becomes pregnant with a baby called a calf.

Female moose give birth to one or two calves.

Calves are around 30 pounds at birth and can stand on their first day of life.

Just like human babies, baby moose rely on their moms for everything when they are born. They drink their mother’s milk, which is full of important nutrients and helps them grow big and strong.

Baby moose stay with their mothers for about a year, and during this time, they learn important skills like finding food and staying safe in the wild.

As baby moose grow, their diet changes. While they are young, they mainly feed on their mother’s milk and later transition to eating plants such as grass, leaves, and branches.

Something interesting about baby moose is that they can’t run very fast when they are born. It takes some time for their legs to grow stronger, but as they get older, they become excellent runners and swimmers.

Baby moose are playful and like to explore their surroundings. They enjoy running and jumping around, and sometimes they even play with other baby moose.

They have a great sense of smell and hearing, which helps them find their moms and stay safe from danger.

Calves are fully grown and become adult moose between the ages of 4-6.


Even though moose are large and powerful, they still have some predators. A predator is an animal that hunts and eats other animals to survive.

One of the biggest predators of a moose is the gray wolf. Wolves are very clever and work together in groups called packs.

They have strong jaws and sharp teeth that they can use to take down a moose.

They usually target sick, injured, or young moose that are easier to catch.

Another predator of the moose is bears, specifically Black Bears and Grizzly bears. Bears have strong claws and can be quite fast when they want to catch their prey.

Interesting Moose Facts for Kids

  • Moose have a special skill – they can wiggle their ears!
  • A moose antler can grow up to 6 feet wide! That’s wider than some doorways!
  • Adult moose can dive underwater and stay there for up to 30 seconds! They can even munch on plants underwater using their special lips like snorkels.
  • Moose have reflective eyes! Their eyes shine like lanterns at night, helping them see better in the dark.
  • They are known to swim alongside people in canoes or boats!
  • moose are not the most graceful runners. They can reach speeds of up to 35 miles per hour, but their long legs can sometimes make them a bit clumsy.
  • Male moose have a fancy mustache called a “bell.” It’s a long flap of skin that hangs from their throats, and they use it to make fancy sounds during the mating season.
  • There is a famous building in Canada called the “Moose Hotel & Suites” that looks like a giant moose.
  • Moose are the largest animal in the deer family.
  • Moose populations are not on the endangered species list.
Pinterest pin moose facts for kids


In conclusion, learning about moose can be an exciting adventure! We’ve discovered many interesting facts about these magnificent creatures.

From their enormous antlers and impressive size to their unique habits, like diving underwater and wiggling their ears, moose are fascinating animals.

Remember, they are herbivores that enjoy munching on leaves, twigs, and even hidden plants under the snow.

We explored their habitats, such as forests and near water, and learned so much information about these gentle giants.

Let’s continue to learn, protect and admire moose for future generations to explore.