What Do Humpback Whales Eat? Humpback Whale Facts for Kids

  • Scientific name for a Humpbavk Whale is Megaptera Novaenglie, meaning big wing of New England.
  • The word wing refers to the humpback whales long flippers on the sides of their body.
  • Humpback whales get their name from the dorsal fin that sits on top of the large hump on their back.
  • Humpback Whales are marine mammals.
  • Humpback Whales are in the baleen whale family.
  • Instead of teeth humpback whales have baleen.
  • Baleen is made out of keratin.
  • Humpback whales have up to 400 pairs of baleen.
  • Baleen is 30 inches long.
  • When humpback whales eat the open their mouth wide while they swim. The food gets caught in the baleen and the water filters out.
  • Humpback whales eat crustaceans, krill, plankton and other small fish.
  • They eat 4,000-5,500 pounds of food a day!
  • Humpback Whales are found in all the oceans around the world.
  • Humpback whales are black or brown in color with white bellies.
  • They have 2 blowholes on the top of their heads that they use to breathe.
  • Humpback whales have a dorsal fin on their backs, two long flippers on their sides and a long T shaped tail.
  • Female humpback whales a larger than males.
  • A female can be up to 56 ft long, males 50ft long.
  • Humpback whales can weight between 25-40 tons.
  • Adult humpback whales can weigh more than 5 adult elephants!
  • A baby is called a calf and is 13ft-15ft long and  weigh 1 ton when they are born.
  • Humpback whales are slow swimmers.  They swim 2-9 miles per hour.
  • Humpback whales live between 50-80 years.
  • They are on the endangered species list.
  • It is illegal to kill humpback whales.
  • There are around 80,000 humpback whales world-wide.
  • Predators to the humpback whale are killers whales and humans.
  • Humpback whales have been killed by colliding with boats or by getting tangled in fishing nets.
  • Humpback whales have excellent hearing.
  • They make many sounds including grunts, groans.
  • Male humpbacks make sounds called songs. the songs are usually heard during mating season and can last 20 minutes.
  • Humpback whales are known for breaching. breaching is when they jump out the water.
  • They are also known for tail lobbing. Tail lobbing is when they hit the top of the water with their tail.