Interesting Camel Facts for Kids

 

  • There are two different types of camels: Dromedary Camels and Bractrion Camels.
  • Dromedary Camels are also known as Arabian camels.
  • Dromedary Camels have only one hump.
  • Dromedary Camels live in the Middle East, North Africa, West Asia and in the Australian Outback.
  • Dromedary Camels weigh between 650-1,300 pounds.
  • Bractrion Camels are camels with two humps.
  • Bractrion Camels live in Central Asia and East Asia.
  • Bractrion Camels are a little bigger that Dromedary Camels.  They weigh between 650-2,200 pounds.
  • Camels are sometimes called “ships of the desert.”  This is because they hold a lot of items to transport through the desert.
  • Camels coats (hair) reflect the desert sun and keeps them cool in very hot temperatures.  It will also keep them warm in cooler temperatures.
  • Camels can hold up to 900 pounds but usually carry loads around 400 pounds.
  • Camels can run at speeds up to 40 miles per hour for short amounts of time.
  • They usually travel 25 miles a day at 3 miles per hour.
  • Camels are mammals.
  • Camels are herbivores meaning they eat mostly greens and vegetation.
  • Camels eat grass, grains, seeds, twigs and even plants with thorns.
  • Camels have thick lips which allow them to eat the thorny plants without getting hurt.
  • Camels three sets of eyelids with two rows of eyelashes.
  • A camels eyelashes help keep the desert sand and dust out of their eyes.
  • Camels are able to close their nostrils to keep sand and dust out.
  • Camels are known for spitting.  They do this when they feel threatened.
  • Camels are 7ft tall measuring from the top of their hump to their feet.
  • Camels are intelligent, have good eyesight and hearing.
  • Camels usually live to be between 40-50 years old.
  • Almost all camels are domesticated meaning they do not live in the wild.
  • Camels have been domesticated for around 5,000 years.
  • A camel’s hump does not store water. Their humps store fat.
  • Camels have the ability to store up to 80 pounds of fat in their humps at one time.
  • When no food is available the fat in the camels hump converts to energy and water so the camel can live.
  • The ability for camels to live off the fat in their humps allows them to go without food and water for a couple of weeks (depending on the temperature) if needed.  In cooler climates camels can go longer than in hot climates without food.
  • When all the fat in the hump is used up the hump will get smaller and even flop over on the camels side.
  •  Camels have oval blood cells they do not clump together like ours do when they are dehydrated.  This allows them to go longer periods of time without water.
  • A camel can drink up to 40 gallons of water at one time.
  • Camels can kick all four legs front and back.
  • Camels rest lying down with their legs tucked under them.
  • A camels pee is thick like syrup.
  • A camels poop is really dry.
  • Some people eat camel meat and drink camels milk.
  • Camels milk is lower in fat than cows milk.
  • A mother camel is pregnant for 13 months.
  • They give birth to one calf, twins are rare.
  • A calf weighs around 90 pounds when they are born.
  • Calves drink their mother’s milk.
  • Calves are born without a hump.  Their hump develops when they are finished nursing (getting milk)  from their mother.
  • Calves are sometimes born with white hair.  Their hair will turn brown as they get older.
  • If you want to see a camel check with your state’s zoo.  Many zoos have camels for people to see.
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