Interesting Arctic Fox Facts for Kids, Arctic Mammals

  • An Arctic Fox is a mammal.
  • They are part of the canid family like wolves, other species of fox and dogs.
  • Arctic Fox live in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Scandinavia and Iceland.
  • An Arctic Fox is Iceland’s only native land mammal.
  • An Arctic Fox average livspand in he wild is 3-6 years.
  • Arctic Fox live in tundra habitats.
  • A tundra is a vast, flat land with no trees and is mostly frozen.
  • Arctic Fox are omnivores meaning they eat plants and meat.
  • Since plants are scarce, Arctic Fox mostly eat lemmings, voles, squirrels, small birds and eggs, fish, seal pups.  They eat berries when they are available.
  • Sometimes to get food an Arctic Fox will follow behind a polar bear and eat their scraps.
  • Arctic Fox have an excellent sense of smell and hearing.
  • When they search for food they listen for their prey beneath the snow.
  • Their hearing is so good that they can locate the exact position of their prey under the snow.
  • When they locate their prey they pounce through the snow and grab their prey from under the snow.
  • An Arctic Fox is usually between 18-26 inches long with a 13 inch tail sometimes called a brush.
  • They weigh between 6 1/2-21 pounds.  The females a slightly smaller than the males.
  • Arctic Fox have thick fur all over their body, even on the bottom of their paws.
  • They use their thick bushy tail to wrap around themselves to keep warm.
  • An Arctic Fox can survive in extremely low temperatures, sometimes reach as low as -58 degrees!
  • An Arctic Fox fur changes with the seasons.  During Winter their fur can range from a white to a blue/white color to blend in with the ice and snowIn the Spring they shed their Winter fur to reveal a new gray/brown coat of fur.
  • Arctic Fox have short pointy ears, short legs and a short muzzle.
  • Arctic Fox live in burrows.
  • A burrow is a hole or tunnel dug by a small animal.
  • When an Arctic Fox finds a mate they usually stay with each other for life.
  • Mates are often playful with each other.
  • A female Arctic Fox usually give birth to 6-8 baby Arctic Fox called pups. Sometimes they give birth to larger litters such as 13-16 pups
  • Both the mother and father Arctic Fox stay together to raise the babies.
  • Eagles, wolves and polar bears are all predators to the Arctic Fox.