Fun Groundhog Facts and Groundhog Day Facts for Kids

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  • Groundhogs are also known as woodchucks or whistle-pigs.
  • They are rodents and are the largest animal in the squirrel family.
  • Groundhogs live in the Eastern part of North America.
  • Groundhogs live near fence lines, vegetable farms, corn fields or fruit orchards.
  • They are omnivores meaning they eat meat and plants but they mostly eat plants.
  • Groundhogs eat grasses, berries, vegetables, grasshoppers, insects and snails.
  • Groundhogs hibernate meaning they spend their winters sleeping.  They hibernate from October to late March.
  • Groundhogs prepare for hibernation by putting on weight.  Then they live off the fat until they come out of hibernation.
  • Groundhogs are diurnal meaning they are active during the day.
  • Groundhogs have a curved spine.
  • They can live up to 6 years old.
  • They are between 16 inches and 26 inches long with a 6 inch tail.
  • Groundhogs weigh between 9-15 pounds.
  • Groundhogs are burrowers. A burrow is a small tunnel or hole dug by a small animal.
  • They can move over 700 pounds of dirt digging one burrow or den!
  • They use their burrows or dens for sleeping, caring for babies and hibernation.
  • Groundhog burrows have between 2-5 entrances and can be 5 ft below the ground.
  • Groundhogs can swim and are excellent tree climbers.
  • They sometimes climb trees to get fruit.
  • Farmers do not like groundhogs because they eat their crop.
  • Groundhogs have a littler of 4-9 babies.
  • A baby groundhog is called a kit or cub.
  • Babies are born hairless helpless and blind.
  • They open their eyes for the first time when they are around 4 weeks old.
  • They are born in the den and do not live until they are 6-7 weeks old.
  • Predators are fox, raccoons, coyotes and farm dogs.

Goundhog Day Facts

  • Groundhogs are famous for predicting Spring.
  • Groundhog Day is on February 2nd.
  • According to legend if the groundhog comes out of their burrow on February 2nd then Spring will come early.
  • If the groundhog sees a shadow then it goes back into its burrow and Winter will last 6 more weeks.
  • The largest Groundhog Day Celebration is held in Punxsutawney Pennsylvania.
  • People have been gathering in Punxsutawney Pennsylvania to celebrate Groundhogs Day since the late 1800s.
  • The famous groundhog who predicts the weather in Punxsutawney Pennsylvania is Punxsutawney Phil.
  • How often is the groundhog right with predicting Spring?  Many people argue that answer. Some say he is between 75%-90% correct other say 35%.