Fun Dolphin Facts for Kids

Click here for more animal facts

 

  • Dolphins are cetacea marine mammals.
  • There are 36 species of dolphins, 32 types of ocean dolphins and 4 types of river dolphins.
  • Dolphins live close to the coast line in all the oceans on the planet.
  • They live in fresh water rivers of Asia and South America.
  • Some dolphins live in the Amazon River.
  • A female dolphin is called a cow.
  • A male dolphin is called a bull.
  • A baby dolphin is called a calf.
  • Dolphins have two stomach parts. One stores food and the other digests the food.
  • Dolphins have 100 teeth!
  • They are carnivores meaning they eat meat.  Dolphins eat a variety of fish, squid and crustaceans.
  • Dolphins cannot chew with their teeth.  This is because they do not have jaw muscles to help chew.  Dolphins eat by swallow their food whole.
  • Dolphins eat about 5% of their body weight daily.
  • Dolphins are intelligent.
  • They have good eyesight and great hearing.  Dolphins can hear better than humans!
  • Dolphins communicate with other dolphins using clicking and whistling sounds.
  • Dolphins are playful animals.  They like to jump out of the water and ride waves.
  • Some dolphins can jump as high as 30 ft out of the water!
  • Many tropical vacation spots offer an interactive dolphin experience where people can touch or swim with the dolphins.
  • Sometimes dolphins will swim next to boats the action is called bow-riding.  Some scientists believe they do this to conserve energy while swimming.
  • Did you know an Orca or Killer Whale isn’t a whale at all but a dolphin.
  • Orca’s are the largest species of dolphins.  Orcas can be 25ft long and 19,000 pounds.
  • The popular bottlenose dolphin featured in a lot of movies are 8ft long and 665 pounds.
  • Maui’s Dolphins are the smallest dolphins.  They are about 4ft long and 90 pounds.
  • Dolphins never fully fall asleep.  Part of their brain always stays awake so they can breathe.
  • Dolphins use echolocation to find food and navigate.  Echolocation is determining location by high pitch sounds.  Bats also use echolocation.
  • Dolphins can swim 25 miles per hour.
  • They swim by moving their tails up and down.
  • Dolphins cannot breathe under water.
  • They breathe from a blowhole at the top of their heads.
  • The fin on their back is called a dorsal fin.
  • Dolphins live in a group called a school or pod.
  • A shark is the only ocean predator to a dolphin.
  • Humans are a threat to dolphins. Sometimes dolphins are killed because they get caught in fishing nets.
  • Dolphins do not lay eggs.
  • Dolphins give birth to babies underwater.
  • After babies are born the mother dolphins brings the baby up to the surface to breathe.
  • Baby dolphins drink milk from their mothers,
  • Babies stay with their mothers until they are able to search for food on their own.