How soil reacts with water experiment

Looking for a simple school Science project for young children?In this experiment children will find out how different types of soil react when water is added.  Children will be able to find out answers to questions  such as: Does the water drain from all the different types of soils? How fast does it drain? How long does it take for the soil to dry? Do the soils react the same way if you use hot water?

Materials: 3 or more types of soil/dirt (garden soil, potting soil, compost or sand), Water, 1 plastic cup for each soil type, marker

Step 1: Place all plastic cups on the table.

Step 2: Add an equal amount of each soil/dirt to each cup.  Use a marker to write which type of soil is in each cup.

Step 3: Pour an equal amount of water into each cup at the same time. 2 people are needed to make sure the water is poured at the same time.

Step 4: Watch what happens  for a couple of minutes and record the results. Did the water drain through all the soils? In which cup of soil did the water drain the fastest? Was there any water left on top of the soil?

Best Way Keep Hot Chocolate Warm Experiment

This is a great experiment where children can learn how to use and read a thermometer.  Do this experiment for a school Science project or just an at home activity.   It doesn’t require a lot of materials and is easy for young children.   *Remember when working with hot substances always assist young children.

Materials needed: thermometer that can be submerged (get wet), styrofoam cup, coffee mug, plastic cup, instant hot chocolate mix.

Step 1: Place all three cups (styrofoam, plastic cup and coffee mug) on the table.

Step 2: Have kids make a hypothesis (guess) on which cup will keep the hot chocolate the warmest.

Step 3: Make the instant hot chocolate and pour it in all three cups (parents assistance required)

Step 4: Have kids record the temperature of the hot chocolate.

Step 5: Wait 3-7 minutes and then check the temperature again. Which cup kept the hot chocolate the warmest?  Record your results.

Tips: Try adding different variables.  Do you get  different results if  you make the hot chocolate with milk instead of water? Do you get different results if you add an ice cube to each cup.  Try different things and record the outcomes.

Volcano Science Project for Kids

Volcanos are one of the most popular Science projects for kids.  Below are easy and fun steps to make your volcano erupt. This project is simple enough to make for kids of all ages.
The volcano will erupt so if you’re doing it inside place a towel under the bottle before starting.
Materials: Bottle (small soda bottle works great), Baking Soda, Vinegar, Red Food Coloring 
Step 1: Fill the bottle a little less than half way with vinegar

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2: Add 10-15 drops of red food coloring

 

 

 

 

 

Step 3: Pour about 1/4 cup of baking soda into the bottle

 

 

 

 

 

Step 4: Watch your volcano erupt

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Click here to make a lemon volcano
What happened?
When the baking soda is added bubbles should form and pour over the side of the volcano.  Why does this happen?  The baking soda is a base and the vinegar is the acid.  When they are combined they let out carbon dioxide which create the fizzing bubbles.
Kids Play and Create tip:
The above steps were for making the volcano erupt.  The design of the volcano is what really makes the project.  Here is an example of how you can make your volcano
Make clay and sculpt it into a volcano.  Make a hole in the top using the same bottle (do this before the experiment) by pressing it through the top of the volcano. Push the bottle down so it hits bottom.  Make sure the top of the bottle sticks out the top of the volcano.  Pull out the bottle.  You will put it back once the clay dries
Use the bottle to try out your experiment.
When the clay dries from the volcano ( about 2 -4 days) paint and decorate your volcano
When it is completely dry place your bottle inside the volcano and try your experiment.

 

Make your own Ancient Compass

This is a great Science project for school or every day fun!

 

A compass if one of the worlds oldest inventions that we still use today.  They were invented by the Ancient Chinese and were made of lodestone.  Lodestone is a naturally magnetized  iron.  The Ancient Chinese found out that when the lodestone turned freely is would always point in the same direction.

 

Materials: A strong magnet, 1 Needle, Thread, Safety Pin

 

Step 1: In this step you will magnetize the needle.  Magnetizing the needle means making it have the properties of a magnet. In order to do this you have to leave one end of the needle on top of the magnet for 24 hours. After 24 hours test the needle to see if it is magnetized by trying to pick up a safety pin with the magnetized end.  If it is not magnetized leave it on top of the magnet for another couple of hours.  The stronger magnet the faster it will work.

Step 2: Cut about 10 inches of thread.

Step 3: Thread to the middle of the needle so that both sides have an equal amount

Step 4: Walk outside and hold the needle by the thread so it hangs arms length and turn slowly in a circle

What happens?

The magnetized end of the needle points in the same direction no matter which way you turn

Why does this happen?

A compass works by detecting the Earth’s magnetic field. All magnetic fields have two main poles.  The lines of magnetic force from inside the earth run closely along the lines of the North and South Poles. When you magnetized the needle it reacted with the Earth’s magnetic fields.  Since opposites attract the Southern Pole of the needle is attracted to the Earth’s magnetic North Pole.  This is why a compass always points North.

The Soft Magic Egg Easy Sceince Project Ideas for Kids

This is a fun and easy Science project for elementary school kids .  Only a small list of materials are needed.
Materials: 1 raw egg, Vinegar, 1 clear jar with top
Step 1: Put the raw egg in the clear jar
Step 2: Cover the entire egg with vinegar
Step 3: Watch the egg for 3 days and document the results
A little while after adding the vinegar you will see bubbles rising up from the egg
The egg shell will start to disintegrate and the egg will get soft.
Each day have the child gently touch the egg (they love this part) it will feel soft but icky
By the 3rd day you will be able to see the yolk through the egg.
Why does the yolk show through the egg?
Eggs contain calcium carbonate, this is why they are hard.  Vinegar is an acid. When the calcium carbonate (egg) combines with the acid (vinegar) a chemical reaction occurs. What happens is that carbon dioxide is released causing the bubbles in the jar. When all the carbon is released the egg it becomes soft.