Black History Month for Kids

 

Celebrate Black History Month with us at kidsplayandcreate.com

This is a new section and will be updated through the month of February.

 

African- American Inventors

African-American Quotes

Barack Obama Facts

History of Black History Month 

George Washington Carver Facts

Juneteenth

Madam C.J Walker Facts

Martin Luther King Facts and Quotes

Nelson Mandela Facts and Quotes 

Rosa Parks Facts and Quotes

 

 

Juneteenth Facts for Kids Black History Month for Kids

  • Juneteenth is also known as Emancipation Day or Freedom Day.
  • Juneteenth is a  holiday in the U.S that celebrates the anniversary of the day when Texas was forced to free their remaining slaves on June 19, 1865.
  • On January 1, 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation came int0 effect abolishing slavery.  Texas would not accept the Emancipation Proclamation and kept their slaves. The slaves didn’t even get the news that they were free.
  • More than 200,000 African Americans were still enslaved in Texas after the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • On June 19, 1865 General Gordon Granger along with union soldiers entered Galvesten Texas and forced them to free their slaves.
  • Juneteenth is a combination of June and 19th.
  • Texas was the first state to declare Juneteenth a holiday on January 1, 1980, then other states followed.
  • The following states now celebrate Juneteenth:  Alaska, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming and also Washington D.C.
  • There is a flag that represents Juneteenth. It has a rectangle on it.  The top of the rectangle is blue and the bottom is red.  There is a white 5 point star in the middle.
  • Juneteenth is celebrated many different ways with bbq’s, readings of poems, singing songs and more. Check out how your state celebrates this special day

Nelson Mandela Facts for Kids Nelson Mandela Quotes for Kids

Nelson Mandela Facts

  • Nelson Mandela was born on July 18th, 1918 in Mvezo South Africa.
  • Nelson Mandela’s real name was Rolihlahla Mandela.
  • Rolihlahla means “pulling the branch of a tree” or “troublemaker” in Xhosa.
  • Xhosa is an African language of the Xhosa people.
  • In elementary school Nelson Mandela’s teacher gave him the name Nelson.  It was common for African children to be given English names.
  • Nelson Mandela was the first person in his family to attend school.
  • Mandela attended the College of Fort Hare, he also attended the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg South Africa where he studied law.
  •  Nelson Mandela fought for the end of apartheid.
  •  Apartheid was a system of segregation in South Africa.
  • During Apartheid white people and black people were separated a schools, libraries, parks and other public places.
  • Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress or the ANC in 1944.
  • Nelson Mandela opened up the first black owned law firm in Johannesburg South Africa in 1952.
  • He followed Ghandi’s non-violent approach to fight apartheid and staged non-violent protests.
  • On June 12th 1964 Nelson Mandela was classified as a terrorist sentenced to life in prison for planning to overthrow the government for fighting for human rights.
  • He was sent to Robben Island Prison.
  • While in prison Nelson Mandela read Invictus a poem by William Ernest Henley to fellow prisoners for inspiration. The poem’s about not giving up. (scroll down to read Invictus).
  • Mandela spent 27 years in prison and received an early release in 1990.
  • After his release from prison Mandela continue to campain for the end of apartheid.
  • He worked with South African President Frederik Willem de Klerk to end apartheid.
  • Apartheid came to an end by 1993.
  • Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk both won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 in their efforts for ending apartheid.
  • Nelson Mandela campaigned and was elected the first black president of South Africa in 1994.  He served as president from 1994-1999.
  • It was the first fully democratic election in South Africa where all people were given the right to vote.
  • July 18th is known as Nelson Mandela Day to remember Mandela’s achievements in fighting for human rights. On Nelson Mandela Day people are encouraged to help others.
  • Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013.  He was 95.
  • Fun Facts about Nelson Mandela:  He enjoyed boxing, was married three times and had six children.

Nelson Mandela Quotes for Kids

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”

“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion, people must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human hear than its opposite.”

“It is not where you start but how high you aim that matters for success.”

“A winner is a dreamer who never gives up.”

“Do not judge me by my successes judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.”

“The greatest glory in living lives not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”

“I learned that courage was not the absence of fear but the triumph over it.  The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.”

“After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.”

“It always seems impossible until its done.”

“Live life as though nobody is watching, and express yourself as though everyone is listening.”

“A nation should not be judged by how it treats its highest citizens, but its lowest ones.”

“If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy.  Then he becomes your partner.”

“Money won’t create success the freedom to make it will.”

“May your choices reflect your hopes, not your fears.”

“As we let our own light shine we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same.”

“There is no passion to be found in playing small- in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.”

“It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.”

“There is not easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.”

 

Invictus

By William Ernest Henley

Out of the night that covers me,

Black as the pit from pole to pole,

I thank whatever gods may be

For my unconquerable soul.

In the fell clutch of circumstance

I have not winced nor cried aloud.

Under the bludgeonings of chance

My head is bloody, but unbowed.

Beyond this place of wrath and tears

Looms but the Horror of the shade,

And yet the menace of the years

Finds and shall find me unafraid.

It matters not how strait the gate,

How charged with punishments the scroll.

I am the master of my fate:

I am the caption of my soul.

 

George Washington Carver Facts for Kids, Who Invented Peanut Butter?

George Washington Carver Invented over 300 uses for peanuts

George Washington Carver was born in Missouri on the Moses Carver plantation in 18. His parents were slaves. When he was 12 years old, he left home to attend a black school. There was only one teacher with 75 children in a small room. While other children played at recess, he studied. He studied at home before and after he did his chores. When he was 30 years old, he was accepted at a college in Iowa and later transferred to Iowa State Agricultural College where he received a bachelor’s degree in Agricultural Science in 1894 and a Master’s of Science degree in 1896.
Carver started studying diseases which were attacking the farmers’ crops most farmers in the deep south were only growing cotton.  The soil started to suffer and the crop weren’t as healthy.  Carver urged the farmers to grow peanuts and sweet potatoes as he found they would restore the soil.  Farmers were worried that they would not make as much money growing these items.  Carver started experimenting with the products.  He discovered over 300 products that can be made with peanuts. Some include: flour, ink, dyes, plastics, wood stains, soap, cosmetics and peanut butter. From sweet potatoes, he made 118 products some include flour, candy, vinegar, rubber and postage stamp glue. He made 75 products from pecans and even made a building material for walls from cotton stalks.
George Washington Carver died in 1943.  He received many awards and honors on his agricultural contributions in history.

Madam C.J Walker Facts for Kids, 1st African American Female Millionaire

  • Madam C.J Walker’s real name was Sarah Breedlove.
  • She was born on 12/23/1867 in Delta Louisiana on a cotton plantation.
  • Madam C.J Walker was an inventor, entrepreneur and first female African American millionaire.
  • Her parents were Owen and Minerva.
  • They were once slaves, and had 6 children.  Sarah was the first one of their children who was not born into slavery.
  • Owen and Minerva had both passed away by the time Sarah was 7 years old.
  • She went to live with her sister and moved to Mississippi.
  • At the age of 14 Sarah married Moses McWilliams.  They had a daughter named A’Lelia.
  • Moses had dies when A’Lelia was only two years old.
  • Sarah and A’Lelia moved to St. Louis. Sarah was working and making $1.50 a day.
  • She met her second husband Charles J. Walker.
  • Most Americans during the late 1800’s early 1900’s did not have did not have indoor plumbing, central heating or electricity.
  • As a result people did not bath or wash their hair less as often as we do now.  As a result many people suffered scalp disease causing hair loss.
  • Sarah herself was losing her hair.  She experimented with home remedies to create a healthier scalp.  She developed Vegetable Shampoo, Wonderful Hair Grower, Vanishing Cream and other beauty products for black women.
  • Her husband who was in advertising thought it would help her business to go by a more flashy name.  So she started calling herself Madame C.J Walker.
  • In 1905 she traveled around the country talking to women about her products and doing demonstrations.  Women loved the products.
  • She established Madame C. J Walker Laboratories to manufactures her beauty products. Walker’s beauty products were sold to many women across the country.
  • Madam C.J Walker used her success to help other African-Americans.  She founded scholarships for black students, donated money to different African-American institutions.  Walker also lobbied politicians for civil rights.
  • Walker wanted African-American women to get ahead and have careers where they can make a decent living.  She opened a school called the Walker College of Hair Culture were women were trained to style hair, sell Walker’s products, even given the opportunity to open their own beauty salons. “I am not satisfied in making money for myself,” she told a 1914 convention of the National Negro Business League. “I endeavor to provide employment for hundreds of the women of my race.”
  • Madam C.J Walker spent her life empowering African-American Women.  She died on May 25, 1919.  Her daughter, A’Lelia Walker, became the president of the C.J Walker Manufacturing Company.