Amazing Giraffe Facts for Kids

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  • The scientific name for a giraffe is giraffa camelopardalis

 

  • There is one species of giraffes but 9 total sub-species (Rothschild’s Giraffe, West African Giraffe, Thornicroft Giraffe, Reticulated Giraffe, Masai Giraffe, Angolan Giraffe, Kordofan Giraffe, Nubian Giraffe and South African Giraffe)
  • Scientists believe that giraffes have been on earth between 30-50 million years
  • Giraffes live in African savannas, grasslands or open woodlands.
  • Giraffes are the world’s tallest animal.
  • A giraffe can live 25 years in the wild and 30 in captivity.
  • A male giraffe can be up to 19 ft tall and weigh between  2,400 -3,000 pounds.
  • A female giraffe can be up to 16 ft tall and weigh between 1,600 -2,600 pounds.
  • A male giraffe is called a bull.
  • A female giraffe is called a cow.
  • A baby giraffe is called a calf.
  • A giraffe can clean their ears with their tongue!
  • A giraffe’s tongue can be 18-2o inches long and is dark a color.
  • A giraffe’s heart can weigh up to 24 pounds and be 2 ft long.
  • Giraffes are herbivores meaning they do not eat meat. Giraffes eat leaves and branches mostly from acacia, mimosa and wild apricot trees . They can eat up to 140 pounds of food a day.
  • Predators of giraffes are  lions, leopards packs of hyenas, and wild dogs.
  • Only 25-50% of baby giraffes make it to adulthood.  The others are attacked by predators and killed.
  • A giraffe defends itself from predators by kicking.  They can kick so hard that it can kill a lion.
  • Giraffes don’t need much sleep.  On average they sleep only 5- 30 minutes a day!
  • The darker a giraffe’s spots are, the older he/she is.
  • Giraffes live in herds of about 20.
  • A female giraffe is pregnant for 15 months and gives birth standing up.
  • A baby giraffe can weigh 155 pounds and be 6 ft tall.
  • A giraffe can go longer than a camel without water.